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  1. Child marriage is a fundamental violation of human rights and a threat to access to education, sexual and reproductive health care, and employment. It also threatens freedom from violence, reproductive rights,...

    Authors: Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Joshua Okyere, John Elvis Hagan Jr, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, Richard Gyan Aboagye and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:128

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  2. The Global Financing Facility (GFF) offers an opportunity to close the financing gap that holds back gains in women, children’s and adolescent health. However, very little work exists examining GFF practice, p...

    Authors: Asha S. George, Tanya Jacobs, Mary V. Kinney, Annie Haakenstad, Neha S. Singh, Kumanan Rasanathan and Mickey Chopra

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18(Suppl 1):124

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  3. The annual collection of fertility, marriage, sexual behaviour, and contraceptive use data in the nationally representative rounds of Performance Monitoring and Accountability (PMA) surveys in sub-Saharan Afri...

    Authors: Rornald Muhumuza Kananura, Peter Waiswa, Dessalegn Y. Melesse, Cheikh Faye and Ties Boerma

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18(Suppl 1):121

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  4. In sub-Saharan Africa HIV transmission is a major challenge in adolescents, especially among girls and those living in urban settings. Major international efforts have aimed at reducing sexual transmission of ...

    Authors: Réka Maulide Cane, Dessalegn Y. Melesse, Nkomba Kayeyi, Adom Manu, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Aluisio Barros and Ties Boerma

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18(Suppl 1):120

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  5. Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global public health and human rights issue that affects millions of women and girls. While disaggregated national statistics are crucial to assess inequalities, little evi...

    Authors: Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Martin K. Mutua, Abdu Mohiddin, Macellina Y. Ijadunola, Cheikh Faye, Carolina V. N. Coll, Aluisio J. D. Barros and Caroline W. Kabiru

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18(Suppl 1):119

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  6. Adolescent sexual and reproductive health (ASRH) is a major public health concern in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, inequalities in ASRH have received less attention than many other public health priority ...

    Authors: Dessalegn Y. Melesse, Réka M. Cane, Aveneni Mangombe, Macellina Y. Ijadunola, Adom Manu, Eniola Bamgboye, Abdu Mohiddin, Rornald M. Kananura, Elsie Akwara, Elsabé du Plessis, Yohannes D. Wado, Martin K. Mutua, Wubegzier Mekonnen, Cheikh M. Faye, Sarah Neal and Ties Boerma

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18(Suppl 1):117

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  7. The use of modern contraception has increased in much of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, the extent to which changes have occurred across the wealth spectrum among adolescents is not well known. We examine ...

    Authors: Martin K. Mutua, Yohannes D. Wado, Monica Malata, Caroline W. Kabiru, Elsie Akwara, Dessalegn Y. Melesse, Ndèye Awa Fall, Carolina V. N. Coll, Cheikh Faye and Aluisio J. D. Barros

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18(Suppl 1):116

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 18 Supplement 1

  8. Quality of essential newborn care is defined as the extent of health care services to improve the health of newborns. However, studies are scarce regarding the quality of newborn care implementation. Therefore...

    Authors: Tadesse Guadu Delele, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe and Zemene Tigabu Kebede

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:127

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  9. There is growing recognition of the need for interventions that effectively involve men and boys to promote family planning behaviours. Evidence suggests that the most effective behavioural interventions in th...

    Authors: Martin Robinson, Áine Aventin, Jennifer Hanratty, Eimear Ruane-McAteer, Mark Tomlinson, Mike Clarke, Friday Okonofua and Maria Lohan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:126

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  10. Sexual and reproductive health and rights are critical entitlements best supported through human rights-based approaches empowering rights-holders to claim their rights and duty bearers to fulfil their obligat...

    Authors: Majel McGranahan, Elizabeth Bruno-McClung, Joselyn Nakyeyune, Derrick Aaron Nsibirwa, Christopher Baguma, Christopher Ogwang, Francis Serunjogi, Judith Nakalembe, Marianna Kayaga, Sharifah Sekalala and Oyinlola Oyebode

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:125

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. Viral detection in seminal fluid indicates their potential for both sexual transmission and impairment of reproductive health. Review of the mechanistic entry, sexual transmission and viral impacts for patient...

    Authors: James Frederick W. Pike, Emily L. Polley, David Y. Pritchett, Arnav Lal, Blake A. Wynia, William E. Roudebush and Renee J. Chosed

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:123

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  12. High fertility rates and unintended pregnancies are public health concerns of lower and middle income countries such as Ethiopia. Long acting contraceptives (LACs) take the lion’s share in reducing unintended ...

    Authors: Oumer Abdulkadir Ebrahim, Ejigu Gebeye Zeleke and Atalay Goshu Muluneh

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:122

    Content type: Research

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  13. Delivery is a critical moment for pregnant women and babies, and careful monitoring is essential throughout the delivery process. The partograph is a useful tool for monitoring and assessing labour progress as...

    Authors: Mitsuaki Matsui, Yuko Saito, Rithy Po, Bunsreng Taing, Chamnan Nhek, Rathavy Tung, Yoko Masaki and Azusa Iwamoto

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:115

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. Health care for stigmatized reproductive practices in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) often remains illegal; when legal, it is often inadequate, difficult to find and / or stigmatizing, which results ...

    Authors: Clémentine Rossier, Angela Marchin, Caron Kim and Bela Ganatra

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:114

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  15. Adolescent Syrian refugee girls in Lebanon are thought to experience a disproportionate risk of poor sexual and reproductive health, related in part to conflict and displacement. The purpose of this qualitativ...

    Authors: Sasha Abdallah Fahme, Maia Sieverding and Sawsan Abdulrahim

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:113

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. Women are at a higher risk for depression progression, especially during pregnancy. The current study purposed to investigate depression, anxiety, and stress levels of pregnant mothers in the initial stage of ...

    Authors: Najmeh Maharlouei, Pedram Keshavarz, Niloufar Salemi and Kamran B. Lankarani

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:111

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Pre-eclampsia is a leading cause of maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity globally. Planned delivery between 34+0 and 36+6 weeks may reduce adverse pregnancy outcomes but is yet to be evaluated in a low ...

    Authors: Alice Beardmore-Gray, Nicola Vousden, Sergio A. Silverio, Umesh Charantimath, Geetanjali Katageri, Mrutyunjaya Bellad, Sebastian Chinkoyo, Bellington Vwalika, Shivaprasad Goudar, Jane Sandall, Lucy C. Chappell and Andrew H. Shennan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:110

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is the inflammation of the adnexa of the uterus, that mainly manifests in a subclinical/chronic context and goes largely underreported. However, it poses a major threat to wom...

    Authors: Oqba Al-kuran, Lama Al-Mehaisen, Hamza Alduraidi, Naser Al-Husban, Balqees Attarakih, Anas Sultan, Zeina Othman, Sanal AlShárat, Shoug AlHilali, Nadia Alkouz, Noura Alibrahim and Wafaa AlMusallam

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:109

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. To our knowledge, no studies exist on the influence of nomadic pastoralist women’s networks on their reproductive and sexual health (RSH), including uptake of modern family planning (FP).

    Authors: Leah Kenny, Rahma Hassan, Loraine J. Bacchus, Matthew Smith, Bettina Shell-Duncan, Nana Apenem Dagadu, Angela Muriuki, Abdullahi Hussein Aden, Ibrahim Abdirizak Jelle, Beniamino Cislaghi and Mazeda Hossain

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:108

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Few studies explore what it means to be an adolescent parent in the Philippines from the young parents’ perspective. This study sought to improve understanding of how adolescent mothers and young fathers exper...

    Authors: Christine Marie Habito, Alison Morgan and Cathy Vaughan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:107

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  21. Male involvement in maternal healthcare has been widely recognized as essential for positive health outcomes for expectant mothers and their unborn babies. However, few studies have explored men’s experiences ...

    Authors: Gloria Abena Ampim, Astrid Blystad, Albert Kpoor and Haldis Haukanes

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:106

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. Youth ages 15 to 24, who comprise a large portion of sub-Saharan Africa, face a higher burden of unmet contraceptive need than adults. Despite increased international and national commitments to improving youn...

    Authors: Lynette Ouma, Burcu Bozkurt, Jill Chanley, Christine Power, Ronald Kakonge, Oluwatosin C. Adeyemi, Ramya Jawahar Kudekallu and Elizabeth Leahy Madsen

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:105

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. Sexual and reproductive health and right of adolescents is a global priority as the reproductive choices made by them have a massive impact on their health, wellbeing, education, and economy. Teenage pregnancy...

    Authors: Alemi Kebede Olika, Sena Belina Kitila, Yonas Biratu Terfa and Ayantu Kebede Olika

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:104

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. The laws governing abortion access vary across Europe. Even in countries with relatively liberal laws, numerous barriers to abortion access exist. In response to these barriers, evidence suggests that people l...

    Authors: Camille Garnsey, Giulia Zanini, Silvia De Zordo, Joanna Mishtal, Alexandra Wollum and Caitlin Gerdts

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:103

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. In settings where HIV prevalence is high, management of sexual and reproductive health is critical to reducing HIV transmission and maternal mortality. Integration of family planning with HIV services is appro...

    Authors: Dereje Bayissa Demissie and Rose Mmusi-Phetoe

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:102

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Menstrual irregularity is a common problem among women aged from 21 to 25 years. Previously published work on menstrual irregularity used inconsistent definition which results in a difference in prevalence. Th...

    Authors: Abayneh Birlie Zeru, Enguday Demeke Gebeyaw and Esubalew Tesfahun Ayele

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:101

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Preconception care (PCC) is a series of biomedical, mental, and psycho-social health services provided to women and a couple before pregnancy and throughout subsequent pregnancies for desired outcomes. Million...

    Authors: Aklilu Habte, Samuel Dessu and Dereje Haile

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:100

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Our objectives were to analyze how pregnancy outcomes varied by cesarean birth as compared to vaginal birth across varying interpregnancy intervals (IPI) and determine if IPI modified mode of birth.

    Authors: Margo S. Harrison, Ana Garces, Lester Figueroa, Jamie Westcott, Michael Hambidge and Nancy F. Krebs

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:99

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. Uterine fundal pressure involves a birth attendant pushing on the woman’s uterine fundus to assist vaginal birth. It is used in some clinical settings, though guidelines recommend against it. This systematic r...

    Authors: Elise Farrington, Mairead Connolly, Laura Phung, Alyce N. Wilson, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Meghan A. Bohren, Caroline S. E. Homer and Joshua P. Vogel

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:98

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  30. A disproportionately high rate of maternal deaths is reported in developing and underdeveloped regions of the world. Much of this is associated with social and cultural factors, which form barriers to women ut...

    Authors: Sonia Omer, Rubeena Zakar, Muhammad Zakria Zakar and Florian Fischer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:97

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Despite evidence from recent Demographic Health Surveys that show 98% of the adult Pakistani population have an awareness of at least one modern contraceptive method, only 25% of married couples in Pakistan us...

    Authors: Mariyam Sarfraz, Saima Hamid, Patrick Rawstorne, Moazzam Ali and Rohan Jayasuriya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:96

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Innovations to increase access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) information, goods, and services are needed, particularly in low-income settings. This study assessed the utilization of a mobile phone ap...

    Authors: Robinah Nalwanga, Elly Nuwamanya, Afra Nuwasiima, Janet U. Babigumira, Francis T. Asiimwe and Joseph B. Babigumira

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:95

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. With a fertility rate of 5.4 children per woman, Burundi ranked as seventh country with the highest fertility rate in the world. Family planning is an effective way of achieving desirable family size, appropri...

    Authors: Sonia Hakizimana and Emmanuel Nene Odjidja

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:94

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. In 2015, a quality improvement project of childbirth care called Adequate Childbirth Project (“Projeto Parto Adequado”- PPA) was implemented in Brazilian public and private hospitals, aiming to improve the qua...

    Authors: Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Paula Mendes Luz, Barbara Vasques da Silva Ayres, Jacqueline Alves Torres and Maria do Carmo Leal

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:93

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. During childbirth, complications may arise which necessitate an expedited delivery of the fetus. One option is instrumental assistance (forceps or a vacuum-cup), which, if used with skill and sensitivity, can ...

    Authors: Claire Feeley, Nicola Crossland, Ana Pila Betran, Andrew Weeks, Soo Downe and Carol Kingdon

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:92

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  36. A growing body of evidence indicates that some people seek options to terminate a pregnancy without medical assistance, but experiences doing so have largely been documented only among people accessing a clin...

    Authors: Sarah Raifman, Lauren Ralph, M. Antonia Biggs and Daniel Grossman

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:91

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Short birth interval is associated with adverse perinatal, maternal, and infant outcomes, although evidence on actionable factors underlying short birth interval remains limited. We explored women and communit...

    Authors: Loubna Belaid, Pamela Atim, Emmanuel Ochola, Bruno Omara, Eunice Atim, Martin Ogwang, Pontius Bayo, Janet Oola, Isaac Wonyima Okello, Ivan Sarmiento, Laura Rojas-Rozo, Kate Zinszer, Christina Zarowsky and Neil Andersson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:88

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Women have experienced labour pain over the years as various attempts have been made to effectively manage this pain. There is paucity of literature on the experiences and perceptions about labour pain managem...

    Authors: Kennedy Diema Konlan, Agani Afaya, Eugenia Mensah, Amos Nawunimali Suuk and Dahamata Issahaku Kombat

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:86

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. Despite Ethiopia's enormous effort in youth-friendly service provision, little was investigated about the challenges of accessing sexual and reproductive health services in Western Ethiopia. Thus, this study a...

    Authors: Temesgen Tilahun, Tariku Tesfaye Bekuma, Motuma Getachew and Assefa Seme

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:85

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Youth-friendly sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services are thought to make such services for adolescents more accessible and acceptable; however, provider attitudes may still present an important barrier...

    Authors: Jewel Gausman, Areej Othman, Raeda Al-Qotob, Abeer Shaheen, Eman Abu Sabbah, Mohannad Aldiqs, Iqbal Hamad, Maysoon Dabobe and Ana Langer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:84

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Kenya continues to have a high maternal mortality rate that is showing slow progress in improving. Peri-urban settings in Kenya have been reported to exhibit higher rates of maternal death during labor and chi...

    Authors: Jackline Oluoch-Aridi, Patience. A. Afulani, Danice. B. Guzman, Cindy Makanga and Laura Miller-Graff

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:83

    Content type: Research

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  42. Supportive male involvement is strongly correlated with contraceptive use. In Rwanda, where the contraceptive prevalence rate among married women increased from 17 to 52% from 2005 to 2010, and stagnated at 53...

    Authors: Hilary Schwandt, Angel Boulware, Julia Corey, Ana Herrera, Ethan Hudler, Claudette Imbabazi, Ilia King, Jessica Linus, Innocent Manzi, Madelyn Merritt, Lyn Mezier, Abigail Miller, Haley Morris, Dieudonne Musemakweli, Uwase Musekura, Divine Mutuyimana…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:82

    Content type: Research

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  43. Migration and involuntary displacement of children and young people have recently become common features of many African countries due to widespread poverty, rapid urbanization, joblessness, and instability th...

    Authors: Stephen Owusu Kwankye, Solina Richter, Philomina Okeke-Ihejirika, Hayat Gomma, Pamela Obegu and Bukola Salami

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:81

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  44. This article challenges the “tyranny of P-value” and promote more valuable and applicable interpretations of the results of research on health care delivery. We provide here solid arguments to retire statistic...

    Authors: Agustín Ciapponi, José M. Belizán, Gilda Piaggio and Sanni Yaya

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:80

    Content type: Editorial

    Published on:

  45. Preconception care is the provision of biomedical, behavioural, and social health interventions provided to women and couples before conception. However, in Ethiopia, little is known and practised to support p...

    Authors: Alemu Degu Ayele, Habtamu Gebrehana Belay, Bekalu Getnet Kassa and Mulugeta Dile Worke

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:78

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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