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  1. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Fiona Theunissen, Isotta Cleps, Shivaprasad Goudar, Zahida Qureshi, Olorunfemi Oludele Owa, Kidza Mugerwa, Gilda Piaggio, A. Metin Gülmezoglu, Miriam Nakalembe, Josaphat Byamugisha, Alfred Osoti, Sura Mandeep, Teko Poriot, George Gwako, Sunil Vernekar and Mariana Widmer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:57

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:18

  2. Uganda has one of the highest adolescent pregnancy rates in sub-Saharan Africa. We compared the risk of adverse birth outcomes between adolescents (age 12–19 years) and mothers (age 20–34 years) in four urban ...

    Authors: Robert Serunjogi, Linda Barlow-Mosha, Daniel Mumpe-Mwanja, Dhelia Williamson, Diana Valencia, Sarah C. Tinker, Michelle R. Adler, Joyce Namale-Matovu, Dennis Kalibbala, Jolly Nankunda, Evelyn Nabunya, Doreen Birabwa-Male, Josaphat Byamugisha and Philippa Musoke

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:56

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Persistent challenges in meeting reproductive health and family planning goals underscore the value in determining what factors can be leveraged to facilitate modern contraceptive use, especially in poor acces...

    Authors: Caroline Whidden, Youssouf Keita, Emily Treleaven, Jessica Beckerman, Ari Johnson, Aminata Cissé, Jenny Liu and Kassoum Kayentao

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:55

    Content type: Research

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  4. Sexual problems of intellectually disabled adolescents are associated with their inability to understand sexuality. Given the important role of parents in forming the attitude of their adolescents towards sexu...

    Authors: Shadi Goli, Mahnaz Noroozi and Mehrdad Salehi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:54

    Content type: Research

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  5. Approximately 2.6 million babies are stillborn each year globally, of which 98% occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). A 2019 individual participant data meta-analysis of 6 studies from high-income...

    Authors: Shania K. Rossiter, Samia Aziz, Alyce N. Wilson, Liz Comrie-Thomson, Tomasina Stacey, Caroline S. E. Homer and Joshua P. Vogel

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:53

    Content type: Review

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  6. The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM/C) in traditional African societies is grounded in traditions of patriarchy that subjugate women. It is widely assumed that approaches to eradicating the practice...

    Authors: Patricia Akweongo, Elizabeth F. Jackson, Shirley Appiah-Yeboah, Evelyn Sakeah and James F. Phillips

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:52

    Content type: Research

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  7. We aim to assess competencies (knowledge, skills and attitudes) of midwifery care providers as well as their experiences and perceptions of in-service training in the four study countries; Benin, Malawi, Tanza...

    Authors: Ann-Beth Moller, Joanne Welsh, Mechthild M. Gross, Max Petzold, Elizabeth Ayebare, Effie Chipeta, Hashim Hounkpatin, Bianca Kandeya, Beatrice Mwilike, Antoinette Sognonvi and Claudia Hanson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:50

    Content type: Study protocol

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  8. Both inpatient and outpatient providers may be at increased risk of stress, anxiety and depression from their roles as health providers during the COVID-19 epidemic. This study explores how the US COVID-19 epi...

    Authors: Alison B. Comfort, Paul J. Krezanoski, Lavanya Rao, Alison El Ayadi, Alexander C. Tsai, Suzan Goodman and Cynthia C. Harper

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:49

    Content type: Research

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  9. Contraceptive use among adolescent girls is low in many sub-Saharan African countries including Kenya. Attitude and perspectives about contraception of community members including adolescent girls themselves m...

    Authors: Jefferson Mwaisaka, Yohannes Dibaba Wado, Ramatou Ouedraogo, Clement Oduor, Helen Habib, Joan Njagi and Martin W. Bangha

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:48

    Content type: Research

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  10. Integrating family planning into child immunization services may address unmet need for contraception by offering family planning information and services to postpartum women during routine child immunization ...

    Authors: Kate L. Sheahan, Jennifer Orgill-Meyer, Ilene S. Speizer, Siân Curtis, John Paul, Morris Weinberger and Antonia V. Bennett

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:47

    Content type: Research

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  11. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides a framework (ICD-MM) to classify pregnancy-related deaths systematically, which enables global comparison among countries. We compared the classification of pregnan...

    Authors: Lachmi R. Kodan, Kim J. C. Verschueren, Affette M. McCaw-Binns, Ray Tjon Kon Fat, Joyce L. Browne, Marcus J. Rijken and Kitty W. M. Bloemenkamp

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:46

    Content type: Research

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  12. Pelvic organ prolapse remains the public health challenge globally. Existing evidences report the effect of woman’s weight on the pelvic organ prolapse inconsistently and this urges the need of pooled body wei...

    Authors: Chernet Baye Zenebe, Wagaye Fentahun Chanie, Aster Berhe Aregawi, Tamiru Minwuye Andargie and Muhabaw Shumye Mihret

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:45

    Content type: Review

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  13. The misuse of conscientious objection (CO) is a significant barrier to legal abortion access in many countries, especially in Latin America. We examine the reasons for denial of legal abortion services in Mexi...

    Authors: Stephanie Andrea Küng, Jasmine Danette Wilkins, Fernanda Díaz de León, Freddy Huaraz and Erin Pearson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:44

    Content type: Research

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  14. Health service providers play a key role in addressing women’s need for postpartum pregnancy prevention. Yet, in Nepal, little is known about providers’ knowledge, attitudes, and practice (KAP) on providing po...

    Authors: Lucy Stone, Mahesh C. Puri, Muqi Guo and Iqbal H. Shah

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:43

    Content type: Research

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  15. Prior studies have shown that contraceptive use reduces maternal mortality independently of other maternal health services. The present study took advantage of geographically detailed Indonesian data to study ...

    Authors: Riznawaty Imma Aryanty, NohanArum Romadlona, Besral Besral, Elvi Debora P. Panggabean, Budi Utomo, Richard Makalew and Robert J. Magnani

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:42

    Content type: Research

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  16. Family planning (FP) has the potential to improve maternal and child health outcomes and to reduce poverty in sub-Saharan Africa. However, substantial unmet need for modern contraceptive methods (MCMs) persist...

    Authors: Jenna Hoyt, Shari Krishnaratne, Jessie K. Hamon, Lydia Boudarene, Tracey Chantler, Shiferaw Dechasa Demissie, Justine Landegger, Easterlina Moseti, Seth Marcus, Misozi Kambanje, Shannon Pryor, Nathaly Spilotros, Marius Gnintoungbe, Dora Curry and Jayne Webster

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:41

    Content type: Research

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  17. In 2015–2017, the Americas experienced a highly consequential epidemics for pregnancy and childbearing. Mainly transmitted by the mosquito Aedes aegypti, but also through sexual intercourse, the Zika virus poses ...

    Authors: Raquel Zanatta Coutinho, Aida Villanueva Montalvo, Abigail Weitzman and Letícia Junqueira Marteleto

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:40

    Content type: Research

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  18. Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) concerns over 200 million women and girls worldwide and is associated with obstetric trauma and long-term urogynaecological and psychosexual complications that are oft...

    Authors: Alzbeta Binkova, Marion Uebelhart, Patrick Dällenbach, Michel Boulvain, Angèle Gayet-Ageron and Jasmine Abdulcadir

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:39

    Content type: Research

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  19. While Doppler ultrasound screening is beneficial for women with high-risk pregnancies, there is insufficient evidence on its benefits and harms in low- and unselected-risk pregnancies. This may be related to f...

    Authors: Joshua P. Vogel, Valerie Vannevel, Gianna Robbers, George Gwako, Tina Lavin, Abiodun Adanikin, Tsakane Hlongwane, Robert C. Pattinson, Zahida P. Qureshi and Olufemi T. Oladapo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:38

    Content type: Research

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  20. Iran is amongst the countries that have achieved the fifth goal of the United Nations Millennium Development Goal. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) in Iran has declined from 48 cases per 100,000 in 2000 to 1...

    Authors: Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Shahla Khosravi, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Azam Mohammadi and Parvin Abedi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:37

    Content type: Commentary

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  21. Implementation of evidence-based practice is crucial to enhance quality health care, professional development, and cost-effective health service. However, many factors influence the implementation of evidence-...

    Authors: Asrat Hailu Dagne, Mekonnen Haile Beshah, Bekalu Getnet Kassa and Eyaya Habtie Dagnaw

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:36

    Content type: Research

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  22. Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest fertility rate in the world, with the highest unmet need for family planning (FP). Yet, there is a lack of knowledge about the determinants for non-utilisation of modern cont...

    Authors: Jumaine Gahungu, Mariam Vahdaninia and Pramod R. Regmi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:35

    Content type: Review

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  23. Caesarean sections (CS) in Bangladesh have risen eight-fold in the last 15 years. Few studies have explored why. Anecdotally, physicians suggest maternal request for CS is a reason. Women and families suggest ...

    Authors: Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Sk Masum Billah, Farhana Karim, Md Shahjahan Siraj, Alan Buckingham and Carol Kingdon

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:34

    Content type: Research

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  24. Addressing the unmet need for modern contraception underpins the goal of all family planning and contraception programs. Contraceptive discontinuation among those in need of a method hinders the attainment of ...

    Authors: Susan Ontiri, Lilian Mutea, Violet Naanyu, Mark Kabue, Regien Biesma and Jelle Stekelenburg

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. In Ethiopia, the utilization coverage of adolescent-friendly health services (AFSRHs) ranged only from 9 to 55% and it was the lowest of all Sub-Saharan African countries in 2016. Little is known why adolescen...

    Authors: Yitagesu Habtu, Mirgissa Kaba and Hussein Mekonnen

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:32

    Content type: Research

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  26. In recognition of the opportunity created by the increasing attention to menstrual health at global, regional, and national levels, the World Health Organization’s Department of Sexual and Reproductive Health ...

    Authors: Marina Plesons, Archana Patkar, Jenelle Babb, Asanthi Balapitiya, Flo Carson, Bethany A. Caruso, Margarita Franco, Maja Manzenski Hansen, Jacquelyn Haver, Andisheh Jahangir, Caroline W. Kabiru, Ephraim Kisangala, Penelope Phillips-Howard, Aditi Sharma, Marni Sommer and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:31

    Content type: Commentary

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  27. Although medication abortion has become more common in high-income countries, the procedure has not yet met early expectations for widening access to abortion. High-quality evidence can serve as a catalyst for...

    Authors: Annik M. Sorhaindo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:30

    Content type: Review

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  28. Birth asphyxia is one of the leading causes of intrapartum stillbirth and neonatal mortality worldwide. We sought to explore the experiences of health care workers in managing foetal distress and birth asphyxi...

    Authors: Elizabeth Ayebare, Grace Ndeezi, Anna Hjelmstedt, Jolly Nankunda, James K. Tumwine, Claudia Hanson and Wibke Jonas

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:29

    Content type: Research

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  29. Women’s empowerment is multidimensional. Women’s education, employment, income, reproductive healthcare decision making, household level decision making and social status are vital for women’s empowerment. Nep...

    Authors: Heera KC, Mangala Shrestha, Nirmala Pokharel, Surya Raj Niraula, Prajjwal Pyakurel and Surya Bahadur Parajuli

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:28

    Content type: Research

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  30. In rural areas of Ethiopia, 57% of births occur at home without the assistance of skilled birth attendants, geographical inaccessibility being one of the main factors that hinder skilled birth attendance. Esta...

    Authors: Mekdes Kondale Gurara, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Befikadu Tariku Gutema, Veerle Draulans and Yves Jacquemyn

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:27

    Content type: Research

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  31. A coherent sexuality education program for adolescents is part of their sexual and reproductive rights and can help them have a healthier future. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore the perspective...

    Authors: Keshvar Samadaee Gelehkolaee, Raziyeh Maasoumi, Seyed Ali Azin, Saharnaz Nedjat, Moslem Parto and Ilia Zamani Hajiabadi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:26

    Content type: Research

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  32. Ethiopia is one of the nations which has an enormous burden of intimate partner violence (IPV), and where it is usually difficult to talk about HIV separately from IPV.

    Authors: Mengistu Meskele, Nelisiwe Khuzwayo and Myra Taylor

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:25

    Content type: Research

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  33. Sexual and reproductive health (SRH), a globally recognized fundamental health concern and a basic human right is poorly addressed and seldom researched in the Arab world. Disregarding this aspect of health cr...

    Authors: Maya Hamdanieh, Louna Ftouni, Bara’a Al Jardali, Racha Ftouni, Chaymaa Rawas, Marina Ghotmi, Mohammad Hussein El Zein, Sara Ghazi and Salah Malas

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:24

    Content type: Research

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  34. While cesarean section is an essential life-saving strategy for women and newborns, its current overuse constitutes a global problem. The aim of this formative research is to collect information from hospitals...

    Authors: Silvina Ramos, Mariana Romero, Carla Perrotta, Yanina Sguassero, Cecilia Straw, Celina Gialdini, Natalia Righetti and Ana P. Betran

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:23

    Content type: Study protocol

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  35. Menstrual hygiene management can be challenging in low-income settings and among school-aged girls due to traditional beliefs, lack of knowledge and information on best hygienic practices, and limited access t...

    Authors: Diksha Pokhrel, Sabina Bhattarai, Malin Emgård, Michael von Schickfus, Birger C. Forsberg and Olivia Biermann

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:20

    Content type: Research

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  36. Expanding access and use of effective contraception is important in achieving universal access to reproductive healthcare services, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), such as those in sub-...

    Authors: Leopold Ouedraogo, Desire Habonimana, Triphonie Nkurunziza, Asmani Chilanga, Elamin Hayfa, Tall Fatim, Nancy Kidula, Ghislaine Conombo, Assumpta Muriithi and Pamela Onyiah

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:22

    Content type: Review

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  37. While the Kenya government is mobilizing high-level strategies to end adolescent pregnancy by 2030, a clear understanding of drivers of early unintended pregnancy in the country is a necessary precursor. In th...

    Authors: Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Sally Atieno Odunga, Clement Oduor, Ramatou Ouedraogo, Boniface Ayanbekongshie Ushie and Yohannes Dibaba Wado

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:19

    Content type: Research

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  38. Access to quality, effective lifesaving uterotonics in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) remains a major barrier to reducing maternal deaths from postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). Our objective was to assess...

    Authors: Fiona Theunissen, Isotta Cleps, Shivaprasad Goudar, Zahida Qureshi, Olorunfemi Oludele Owa, Kidza Mugerwa, Gilda Piaggio, A. Metin Gülmezoglu, Miriam Nakalembe, Josaphat Byamugisha, Alfred Osoti, Sura Mandeep, Teko Poriot, George Gwako, Sunil Vernekar and Mariana Widmer

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:57

  39. Intrauterine devices are the most effective long-acting reversible contraceptives, but in many developing countries, such as Jamaica, these devices remain underutilized.

    Authors: Sarah G. Franklin, Maya O’Neal, Ambreanna Arneus, Calvin Colvin, Maung Aung and Pauline E. Jolly

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:17

    Content type: Research

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  40. Most maternal deaths occur during the intrapartum and peripartum periods in sub-Saharan Africa, emphasizing the importance of timely access to quality health service for childbirth and postpartum care. Increas...

    Authors: Bienvenu Salim Camara, Alexandre Delamou, Fassou Mathias Grovogui, Bregje Christina de Kok, Lenka Benova, Alison Marie El Ayadi, Rene Gerrets, Koen Peeters Grietens and Thérèse Delvaux

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:16

    Content type: Review

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  41. Despite documented benefits of contraceptives, uptake among young people aged 20–24 years is high compared to adolescents aged 15–19 years in Malawi. As the world’s population of 15–19-year-olds continues to g...

    Authors: Andrew Kondaine Makwinja, Zione Mchikaya Maida and Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:15

    Content type: Research

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  42. Reducing the burden of unsafe abortion rests considerably on women’s ability to access appropriate and timely treatment or services. A critical component of that care relies on a functional supply chain to ens...

    Authors: Ghazaleh Samandari, Nathalie Kapp, Christopher Hamon and Allison Campbell

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:14

    Content type: Commentary

    Published on:

  43. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is marked in 30 to 40% by insulin resistance and hyperandrogenism. Myo-inositol (MI) increases insulin sensitivity, decreases hyperandrogenism and improves the menstrual cycle....

    Authors: Philippe Merviel, Pandora James, Sarah Bouée, Mathilde Le Guillou, Camille Rince, Charlotte Nachtergaele and Véronique Kerlan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:13

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  44. The Covid-19 pandemic affects maternal health both directly and indirectly, and direct and indirect effects are intertwined. To provide a comprehensive overview on this broad topic in a rapid format behooving ...

    Authors: Bethany Kotlar, Emily Gerson, Sophia Petrillo, Ana Langer and Henning Tiemeier

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:10

    Content type: Review

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  45. Globally, reproductive health programs have used mHealth to provide sexual and reproductive health (SRH) education and services to young people, through diverse communication channels. However, few attempts ha...

    Authors: Anam Shahil Feroz, Naureen Akber Ali, Adeel Khoja, Armish Asad and Sarah Saleem

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:9

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

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