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  1. As problems associated with infertility and population aging increase, there is a growing interest in the factors that cause a decline in human fertility. Time-to-pregnancy (TTP) is a good indicator with which...

    Authors: Xiang Hong, Jiechen Yin, Wei Wang, Fanqi Zhao, Hong Yu and Bei Wang
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:150
  2. To assess some characteristics and outcomes associated with pregnancy among Indigenous adolescents and compare them with other women who gave birth in a public hospital in Guatemala.

    Authors: Noe Gómez, Odette Del Risco Sánchez, Maira Pinho-Pompeu, Helymar Machado, Luis Bahamondes and Fernanda Surita
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:149
  3. The prevalence and severity of disasters triggered by natural hazards has increased over the last 20 years. Women of reproductive age may encounter unique reproductive health challenges following a disaster. I...

    Authors: Penelope Strid, Margaret Christine Snead, Romeo R. Galang, Connie L. Bish and Sascha R. Ellington
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:147
  4. Several studies were carried out on prevalence and associated factors of physical, emotional, and sexual violence against women. However, little attention was given to a comprehensive study that assesses the a...

    Authors: Lijalem Melie Tesfaw and Essey Kebede Muluneh
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:146
  5. The present study investigated the role of β-hCG in predicting reproductive outcomes and established optimal β-hCG cutoff values in women undergoing cleavage embryo transfer.

    Authors: Yuchao Zhang, Zhen Li, Bingnan Ren, Wenbin Wu, Yanli Liu, Xingling Wang, Yichun Guan and Liting Jia
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:145
  6. There is an increasing demand for family planning to limit childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). However, limited studies have quantified the spatial variations. This study examined: (i) the spatial patter...

    Authors: Babayemi O. Olakunde, Jennifer R. Pharr, Daniel A. Adeyinka, Lung-Chang Chien, Rebecca D. Benfield and Francisco S. Sy
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:144
  7. Delivery of quality reproductive health services has been documented to depend on the availability of healthcare workers who are adequately supported with appropriate training. However, unmet training needs am...

    Authors: Tumbwene Mwansisya, Columba Mbekenga, Kahabi Isangula, Loveluck Mwasha, Stewart Mbelwa, Mary Lyimo, Lucy Kisaka, Victor Mathias, Eunice Pallangyo, Grace Edwards, Michaela Mantel, Sisawo Konteh, Thomas Rutachunzibwa, Secilia Mrema, Hussein Kidanto and Marleen Temmerman
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:143
  8. Respectful maternity care (RMC) has been elevated in the global discourse, however, instances of disrespect and abuse remain prevalent. While several studies have highlighted promising approaches to promote RM...

    Authors: Jana Smith, Allison Schachter, Rachel Banay, Emily Zimmerman, Ariadna Vargas, Abigail Sellman and Ameck Kamanga
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:141
  9. Appropriate gestational weight gain (GWG) is important for optimal pregnancy outcomes. This study prospectively evaluated the associations between GWG during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy and ad...

    Authors: Jiaxi Yang, Molin Wang, Deirdre K. Tobias, Janet W. Rich-Edwards, Anne Marie Darling, Ajibola I. Abioye, Andrea B. Pembe, Isabel Madzorera and Wafaie W. Fawzi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:140
  10. Early sexual debut among adolescent girls may result in teenage pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), pregnancy among adolescent girls may adversely impact the continuation ...

    Authors: Sandra A. Darfour-Oduro and Diana S. Grigsby-Toussaint
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:139
  11. In 2005, Ethiopia took a bold step in reforming its abortion law as part of the overhaul of its Penal Code. Unsafe abortion is one of the three leading causes of maternal mortality in low-income countries; how...

    Authors: Sarah Jane Holcombe and Saba Kidanemariam Gebru
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):218

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  12. Despite the 2005 expansion in abortion legal indications in Ethiopia, which provided for abortions in cases of rape, incest, or fetal impairment and other circumstances, nearly half of abortions occurred outsi...

    Authors: Kathryn A. O’Connell, Addisalem T. Kebede, Bereket M. Menna, Mengistu T. Woldetensay, Sara E. Fischer, Ghazaleh Samandari and Jemal K. Kassaw
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):198

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  13. Midwives are a large proportion of Ethiopia’s health care workforce, and their attitudes and practices shape the quality of reproductive health care, including safe abortion care (SAC) services. This study exa...

    Authors: Addisu Fekadu, Aster Berhe, Belete Belgu, Ibrahim Yimer, Yeshitila Tesfaye, Sarah Jane Holcombe and Sahai Burrowes
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):197

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  14. Raising the median age at first sexual intercourse and first marriage among females is a policy goal of the Ethiopian government. Education figures prominently in the government’s plans for achieving its goals...

    Authors: David P. Lindstrom, Ida Sahlu, Tefera Belachew and Mulusew Gerbaba
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):196

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  15. Ethiopia, sub-Saharan Africa’s second most populous country has seen improvements in women’s reproductive health. The study objectives are (1) using mixed methods research, to identify determinants of contrace...

    Authors: Nandita Kapadia-Kundu, Habtamu Tamene, Minyahil Ayele, Feleke Dana, Simon Heliso, Sanjanthi Velu, Tsega Berhanu, Guda Alemayehu, Lindsey Leslie and Michelle Kaufman
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):138

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  16. Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is one of the most common vaginal infectious diseases in female reproductive period. Although the existing view is that probiotic treatment may be one of the feasible methods for the t...

    Authors: Rongdan Chen, Rong Li, Wei Qing, Yingxuan Zhang, Zuyi Zhou, Yi Hou, Yiya Shi, Hongwei Zhou and Muxuan Chen
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:137
  17. Ethiopia has the second-largest youth population in Africa with about 37.4 million people aged 10–24 years. To meet the needs of this population group, adolescent, and youth health (AYH) programs, including th...

    Authors: Teshome W. Admassu, Yordanos T. Wolde and Mirgissa Kaba
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):130

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  18. Family planning (FP) is a human right, and ensuring women’s access to FP is central to protecting the health and wellbeing of mothers and children. Over the past two decades, Ethiopia has made FP service more ...

    Authors: Mengistu Asnake Kibret and Lia Tadesse Gebremedhin
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):124

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  19. Over the last two decades, improvements in Ethiopia’s socio-economic context, the prioritization of health and development in the national agenda, and ambitious national health and development policies and pro...

    Authors: Elsie Akwara, Kereta Worknesh, Lemessa Oljiira, Lulit Mengesha, Mengistu Asnake, Emiamrew Sisay, Dagem Demerew, Marina Plesons, Wegen Shirka, Azmach Hadush and Venkatraman Chandra-Moulli
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):123

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  20. Evidence suggests that supportive male engagement in health care services, including family planning, remains low in many countries, despite known benefits for female partners. In 2017–2018, the United States ...

    Authors: Dustin Andrew Smith, Heran Abebe Tadesse, Kidest Lulu and Diana Santillán
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):86

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  21. Ideation refers to the ideas and views that people hold; it has been identified as an important explanation for differences in contraceptive use within and across countries. This study aimed to identify ideati...

    Authors: Tewodros Getinet, Feiruz Surur, Balkachew Nigatu, Alula Meressa, Yonas Abesha, Munir Kassa, Merhawi Gebremedhin and Delayehu Bekele
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):76

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  22. Ethiopia has made great progress toward reducing unmet need for family planning and increasing contraception use over the last decade. However, almost one-quarter of women still have an unmet need. The primary...

    Authors: Erica Sedlander, Hagere Yilma, Dessalew Emaway and Rajiv N. Rimal
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):57

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  23. Ethiopia’s government and civil society have driven crosscutting initiatives in the last 15 years to improve sexual and reproductive health outcomes, including passing a 2005 abortion law that facilitated redu...

    Authors: Jamie M. Vernaelde
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):56

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  24. Girls in Ethiopia’s Amhara region experience high rates of child marriage and are less able to negotiate sex or use family planning. Seeking to improve their lives, CARE’s TESFA programme delivered reproductiv...

    Authors: Pari Chowdhary, Feven Tassaw Mekuria, Dagmawit Tewahido, Hanna Gulema, Ryan Derni and Jeffrey Edmeades
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19(Suppl 1):55

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 19 Supplement 1

  25. Cervical cancer is currently the second-leading cause of cancer death among women in Ethiopia. Vaccination against the human papillomavirus (HPV) is an effective primary prevention strategy for HPV-related ill...

    Authors: Gedefaye Nibret Mihretie, Tewachew Muche Liyeh, Alemu Degu Ayele, Habtamu Gebrehana Belay, Tigist Seid Yimer and Agernesh Dereje Miskr
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:136
  26. There is often collateral damage to health systems during epidemics, affecting women and girls the most, with reduced access to non-outbreak related services, particularly in humanitarian settings. This rapid ...

    Authors: Lara S. Ho, Maria Paola Bertone, Wesam Mansour, Cyprien Masaka and Jessica Kakesa
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:135
  27. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends prenatal genetic testing (PGT) be offered to all pregnant persons regardless of known risk factors. However, significant racial/ethnic differe...

    Authors: Natalie Grafft, Andrew A. Dwyer and María Pineros-Leano
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:134
  28. Cervical cancer is a major public health issue among women in Cameroon and uptake of screening programs remains a challenge in many low- and middle-income countries. Community healthcare workers can play an im...

    Authors: Pauline Hämmerli, Alida Datchoua Moukam, Ania Wisniak, Jessica Sormani, Pierre Vassilakos, Bruno Kenfack, Patrick Petignat and Nicole Christine Schmidt
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:133
  29. Most pregnant women in low and lower-middle-income countries do not receive all components of antenatal care (ANC), including counselling on obstetric danger signs. Facility-level ANC guidelines and provider i...

    Authors: Tebikew Yeneabat, Andrew Hayen, Theodros Getachew and Angela Dawson
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:132
  30. In the global debate around transactional sex little attention has concentrated on Brazil, despite ranking fourth globally in absolute number of girls married or co-habiting by the age of 15 years, and evidenc...

    Authors: Caroline Ferraz Ignacio, Linda Cerdeira, Beniamino Cislaghi, Giovanna Lauro and Ana Maria Buller
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:131
  31. Reliable and rigorously collected sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health (SRMNCAH) data in humanitarian settings are often sparse and variable in quality across different humanit...

    Authors: Jacques Emina, Rinelle Etinkum, Anya Aissaoui, Cady Nyombe Gbomosa, Kaeshan Elamurugan, Kanya Lakshmi Rajendra, Ieman Mona El Mowafi and Loulou Kobeissi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:129
  32. Globally, experiences of menarche and subsequent menstruation are embedded in social and cultural beliefs, norms and practices. Menarche is an important developmental milestone in sexual and reproductive healt...

    Authors: Elizabeth Maulingin-Gumbaketi, Sarah Larkins, Maxine Whittaker, Gun Rembeck, Ronny Gunnarsson and Michelle Redman-MacLaren
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:128
  33. The risk of sexually transmitted infections (STI) arises when there is unsafe sexual activity. Unsafe sex often begins in the teenage years, and it will persist as long as there is the opportunity for risky se...

    Authors: Bang-on Thepthien and Celyn
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:127
  34. Sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care services are essential to improving the lives of women and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. In Cameroon, the Catholic Church is one the largest non-governm...

    Authors: Adama Awasom-Fru, Maturin Désiré Sop Sop, Elin Charlotte Larsson and Sibylle Herzig van Wees
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:126
  35. Young people have a higher chance of experimenting with sex before marriage, thus they engage in risky sexual behaviours that predispose them to HIV infections. The objective of this study was to assess the re...

    Authors: Adom Manu, Deda Ogum-Alangea, Joshua Cobby Azilaku, Emmanuel Anongeba Anaba and Kwasi Torpey
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:125
  36. Reliable and rigorously collected sexual, reproductive, maternal, newborn, child, and adolescent health (SRMNCAH) data in humanitarian settings is often sparse and varies in quality across different humanitari...

    Authors: Bachera Aktar, Kanya Lakshmi Rajendra, Emily Clark, Kassandre Messier, Anya Aissaoui, Kaeshan Elamurugan, Md. Tanvir Hasan, Nadia Farnaz, Adrita Kaiser, Abdul Awal, Ieman Mona El Mowafi and Loulou Kobeissi
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:121
  37. Despite national and international commitments and efforts to prevent risky sexual behaviours, a high proportion of young people in South Africa are engaged in risky sexual behaviour. However, most efforts are...

    Authors: Clifford Obby Odimegwu and Nebechukwu Henry Ugwu
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:119
  38. Lifestyle modification (diet, exercise, and behavioral interventions) is the first-line treatment for polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). The benefits of face-to-face lifestyle modification intervention in a sho...

    Authors: LianHong Wang, Ying Liu, Huiwen Tan and Shiming Huang
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:117
  39. South Africa has made significant progress in scaling up antiretroviral therapy (ART) to achieve the aspirational goal of HIV epidemic control. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of HIV, ass...

    Authors: Nonzwakazi P. Ntombela, Ayesha B. M. Kharsany, Adenike Soogun, Nonhlanhla Yende-Zuma, Cheryl Baxter, Hans-Peter Kohler and Lyle R. McKinnon
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:116
  40. Parents’ communication on sexual and reproductive health issues with their adolescent plays a great role in preventing morbidity and mortality associated with sexual behavior. However lack of parent to adolesc...

    Authors: Daniel Bekele, Abdi Deksisa, Wondu Abera and Getu Megersa
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:114
  41. Unmet need for contraception is highest in low-and middle-income countries. In Papua New Guinea, about 26% of married women and 65% of unmarried sexually active women have an unmet need for contraception. This...

    Authors: Amma Kyewaa Agyekum, Kenneth Setorwu Adde, Richard Gyan Aboagye, Tarif Salihu, Abdul-Aziz Seidu and Bright Opoku Ahinkorah
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:113
  42. Women’s sexual health is generally defined and explored solely in relation to reproductive capacity, and often omits elements of sexual function and/or dysfunction. Concerted focus is given to women’s health d...

    Authors: Shannon N. Wood, Alexandria Pigott, Haley L. Thomas, Chloe Wood and Linnea A. Zimmerman
    Citation: Reproductive Health 2022 19:112

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