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  1. Efforts to improve antenatal care have been heightened to reduce global maternal deaths. In resource-limited settings, community-based interventions play a pivotal role in improving antenatal care services. Ho...

    Authors: Chakupewa Joseph and Stephen O. Maluka

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:188

    Content type: Research

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  2. Pacific Island countries are vulnerable to disasters, including cyclones and earthquakes. Disaster preparedness is key to a well-coordinated response to preventing sexual violence and assisting survivors, redu...

    Authors: Kristen Beek, Robyn Drysdale, Matthew Kusen and Angela Dawson

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:185

    Content type: Research

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  3. Studies on very young adolescents’ romantic and sexual experiences would help inform the context in which early sex arises. However, such studies are scant in China due to sparse data and cultural issues.

    Authors: Chunyan Yu, Chaohua Lou, Qiguo Lian, Xiaowen Tu, Jiashuai Zhang and Xiayun Zuo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:184

    Content type: Research

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  4. Obstetric fistula occurs in all developing countries but it is confined to the “fistula belt” across the northern half of Sub-Saharan Africa from Mauritania to Eritrea and in the developing countries of the Mi...

    Authors: Dessalegn Nigatu Rundasa, Tarekegn Fekede Wolde, Kenbon Bayisa Ayana and Abeya Fufa Worke

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:183

    Content type: Research

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  5. Adolescents face significant barriers to access and utilization of sexual and reproductive health services in many low-income settings, which in turn may be associated with adverse consequences such as early p...

    Authors: Margarate Nzala Munakampe, Isaac Fwemba, Joseph Mumba Zulu and Charles Michelo

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:182

    Content type: Research

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  6. There remains a lack of evidence to demonstrate whether the initiation time of estrogen stimulation is flexible in the proliferative endometrial phase during the artificial cycle for frozen-thawed embryo trans...

    Authors: Ying Ying, Yixuan Wu, Shuang Liu, Qing Huang and Haiying Liu

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:181

    Content type: Research

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  7. Adolescent girls’ risk of school dropout and reproductive health (RH) challenges may be exacerbated by girls’ attitudes toward their bodies and inability to manage their menstruation. We assessed effects of sa...

    Authors: Karen Austrian, Beth Kangwana, Eunice Muthengi and Erica Soler-Hampejsek

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:179

    Content type: Research

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  8. South Africa faces a high burden of unmet contraceptive need, particularly among adolescent girls and young women. Providing contraception in community-based venues may overcome barriers to contraceptive acces...

    Authors: Nafisa J. Wara, Christina Psaros, Sabina Govere, Nosipho Dladla, Ashley Stuckwisch, Dani Zionts, Jana Jarolimova and Ingrid V. Bassett

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:178

    Content type: Research

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  9. Women in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have a higher risk of unintended pregnancies that are more likely to be terminated, most of which are unsafe with associated complications. Unmet need for contraception is hig...

    Authors: Kenneth Setorwu Adde, Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, Edward Kwabena Ameyaw and Joshua Amo-Adjei

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:177

    Content type: Research

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  10. Implanon is an effective form of long-acting reversible contraceptive used to prevent conception with a clinical failure rate of less than one per 100 users. However, in sub-Saharan countries the utilization o...

    Authors: Hana Tesfaye, Ebissa Negara and Kenbon Bayisa

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:176

    Content type: Research

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  11. Reproductive health education (RHE) is an important component of school curricula. It helps students in the decision-making process regarding several issues concerning reproductive health. However delivering R...

    Authors: Nitin Joseph, Vaibhav Mahato, Akhil Pandey, Shikha Mishra, Garima Prakash and Rishika Gandhi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:175

    Content type: Research

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  12. Global strategies to target high maternal mortality ratios are focused on providing skilled attendance at delivery along with access to emergency obstetric care. Research that examines strategies to increase f...

    Authors: Endalew G. Sendo, Motshedisi E. Chauke and M. Ganga-Limando

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:174

    Content type: Research

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  13. To evaluate the type of contraceptives used by women in need of family planning in India and the inequalities associated with that use according to women's age, education, wealth, subnational region of residen...

    Authors: Fernanda Ewerling, Lotus McDougal, Anita Raj, Leonardo Z. Ferreira, Cauane Blumenberg, Divya Parmar and Aluisio J. D. Barros

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:173

    Content type: Research

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  14. This study aimed to identify factors associated with risk sexual behaviours and target high-risk groups at risk of HIV/STDs infection among university students.

    Authors: Xiaoan Du, Ling Zhang, Hong Luo, Wenlong Rong, Xianxin Meng, Hang Yu and Xiaodong Tan

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:172

    Content type: Research

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  15. Multiple oral insulin-sensitizing agents, such as metformin, thiazolidinediones, inositols, and berberine, have been proven safe and efficacious in improving the endocrine, metabolic, and reproductive abnormal...

    Authors: Han Zhao, Chuan Xing, Jiaqi Zhang and Bing He

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:171

    Content type: Research

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  16. The use of a decision aid in clinical settings has been beneficial. It informs and educates patients about the available treatment options that can help them reduce decision-making conflicts related to feeling...

    Authors: Stella E. Mushy, Eri Shishido, Sebalda Leshabari and Shigeko Horiuchi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:170

    Content type: Research

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  17. Domestic violence (DV) affects millions of people worldwide, especially women impacting their health status and livelihoods. To prevent DV and to improve the quality of victims’ lives, Mozambican governmental ...

    Authors: Eunice Jethá, Ines Keygnaert, Mohamed Seedat, Joaquim Nhampoca, Mohsin Sidat and Kristien Roelens

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:169

    Content type: Research

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  18. Minimal invasive tissue sampling (MITS) has emerged as a suitable alternative to complete diagnostic autopsy (CDA) for determination of the cause of death (CoD), due to feasibility and acceptability issues. A ...

    Authors: Manoja Kumar Das, Narendra Kumar Arora, Gurkirat Kaur, Prikanksha Malik, Mahisha Kumari, Shipra Joshi, Reeta Rasaily, Harish Chellani, Harsha Gaikwad, Pradeep Debata and K. R. Meena

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:168

    Content type: Research

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  19. Maternal mortality among adolescent mothers in South Africa is higher than many middle-income countries. This is largely attributable to conditions that can be prevented or managed by high quality antenatal ca...

    Authors: Ronel Sewpaul, Rik Crutzen, Natisha Dukhi, Derrick Sekgala and Priscilla Reddy

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:167

    Content type: Research

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  20. Nigeria, like many other countries, has been severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. While efforts have been devoted to curtailing the disease, a major concern has been its potential effects on the deliver...

    Authors: Babatunde Adelekan, Erika Goldson, Zubaida Abubakar, Ulla Mueller, Audu Alayande, Tellson Ojogun, Lorretta Ntoimo, Bukky Williams, Ibrahim Muhammed and Friday Okonofua

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:166

    Content type: Research

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  21. Fertility treatments help many infertile couples to have children. However, disparities exist in access to fertility tests and treatments. We investigated the association between household income and medical h...

    Authors: Arisa Iba, Eri Maeda, Seung Chik Jwa, Ayako Yanagisawa-Sugita, Kazuki Saito, Akira Kuwahara, Hidekazu Saito, Yukihiro Terada, Osamu Ishihara and Yasuki Kobayashi

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:165

    Content type: Research

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  22. Preeclampsia (PE) is a complex pregnancy hypertensive disorder with multifaceted etiology. The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene and nitric oxide (NO) levels has been reported to be associated with PE...

    Authors: Ghazala Shaheen, Sarwat Jahan, Nousheen Bibi, Asmat Ullah, Rani Faryal, Ali Almajwal, Tayyaba Afsar, Dara Al-disi, Mahmoud Abulmeaty, Abdulaziz Abdullah Al Khuraif, Mohammed Arshad and Suhail Razak

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:163

    Content type: Research

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  23. Pregnancy is a time of profound physical and emotional change as well as an increased risk of mental illness. While strengthening social support is a common recommendation to reduce such mental health risk, no...

    Authors: Asres Bedaso, Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng and David Sibbritt

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:162

    Content type: Review

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  24. Recently known as the genito-pelvic pain/penetration disorder (GPPPD), Dyspareunia is considered a negative factor affecting a couple’s sexual health. This paper analyzes pain in Dyspareunia cases and determin...

    Authors: Ameneh Alizadeh and Farnaz Farnam

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:161

    Content type: Research

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  25. Afghanistan has one of the highest burdens of maternal mortality in the world, estimated at 638 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2017. Infections, obstetric hemorrhage, and unsafe abortion are the three leadi...

    Authors: Farzana Maruf, Hannah Tappis, Enriquito Lu, Ghutai Sadeq Yaqubi, Jelle Stekelenburg and Thomas van den Akker

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:160

    Content type: Research

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  26. Gaining excessive or inadequate gestational weight is associated with many adverse maternal and fetal outcomes. Inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) increases the risk of fetal growth restriction, pre-term...

    Authors: Fekede Asefa, Allison Cummins, Yadeta Dessie, Maralyn Foureur and Andrew Hayen

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:159

    Content type: Research

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  27. Pregnancy is a time for women in which the need for social support is crucial. Social support reduces stressors and improves the emotional and physical well-being of pregnant women. Women receiving low social ...

    Authors: Asres Bedaso, Jon Adams, Wenbo Peng and David Sibbritt

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:158

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:187

  28. It is necessary to invest in married adolescent girls’ health because of their roles in promoting the community and health of the next generation. Meanwhile, there are many concerns about their sexual and repr...

    Authors: Shahnaz Kohan, Shirin Allahverdizadeh, Ziba Farajzadegan, Morteza Ghojazadeh and Zahra Boroumandfar

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:157

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  29. The most common endocrine and metabolic disorders in premenopausal women is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), characterized by hyperandrogenism, chronic anovulation, and/or ultrasound evidence of small ovarian...

    Authors: Nahid Sarahian, Hosna Sarvazad, Elham Sajadi, Nasrin Rahnejat and Narges Eskandari Roozbahani

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:156

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  30. Multiple options for permanent or long-acting contraception are available, each with adverse effects and benefits. People seeking to end their fertility, and their healthcare providers, need a comprehensive co...

    Authors: Rebecca Gormley, Brian Vickers, Brooke Cheng and Wendy V. Norman

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:154

    Content type: Research

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  31. Early adolescence (ages 10–14) is a critical period of physical, cognitive, social and emotional development, which affect sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). Yet, little is known about positive ...

    Authors: Anna E. Kågesten, Anggriyani Wahyu Pinandari, Anna Page, Siswanto Agus Wilopo and Miranda van Reeuwijk

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:153

    Content type: Research

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  32. Over the past 25 years, tremendous progress has been made in increasing the evidence on child marriage and putting it to good use to reduce the prevalence of child marriage and provide support to married girls...

    Authors: Marina Plesons, Ellen Travers, Anju Malhotra, Arwyn Finnie, Nankali Maksud, Satvika Chalasani and Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:152

    Content type: Commentary

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  33. Young Ghanaian women experience high rates of unmet need for contraception and unintended pregnancy, and face unique barriers to accessing sexual and reproductive health services. This study provides a compreh...

    Authors: Sarah C. Keogh, Easmon Otupiri, Philicia W. Castillo, Naomi W. Li, Joana Apenkwa and Chelsea B. Polis

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:150

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the leading cause of maternal death worldwide. When PPH occurs, early identification of bleeding and prompt management using evidence-based guidelines, can avert most PPH-related...

    Authors: Meghan A. Bohren, Fabiana Lorencatto, Arri Coomarasamy, Fernando Althabe, Adam J. Devall, Cherrie Evans, Olufemi T. Oladapo, David Lissauer, Shahinoor Akter, Gillian Forbes, Eleanor Thomas, Hadiza Galadanci, Zahida Qureshi, Sue Fawcus, G. Justus Hofmeyr, Fadhlun Alwy Al-beity…

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:149

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  35. Women living with HIV (WLH) lack evidence-based information about reproductive options while managing pressures from family, clinicians, and communities to give up the idea of having children. As the reproduct...

    Authors: Ariadna Huertas-Zurriaga, Patrick A. Palmieri, Joan E. Edwards, Sandra K. Cesario, Sergio Alonso-Fernandez, Lidia Pardell-Dominguez, Karen A. Dominguez-Cancino and Juan M. Leyva-Moral

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:148

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Cervical cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death among women in sub-Saharan countries, constituting a major public health concern. In Cameroon, cervical cancer ranks as the second most commo...

    Authors: Alida Manoëla Datchoua Moukam, Muriel Samartha Embolo Owono, Bruno Kenfack, Pierre Vassilakos, Patrick Petignat, Jessica Sormani and Nicole C. Schmidt

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:147

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Women's satisfaction with childbirth experience is considered as one of the quality indicators of the maternity services across the world. However, there is no guideline for improving the experience of childbi...

    Authors: Solmaz Ghanbari-Homaie, Shahla Meedya, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Eesa Mohammadi and Mojgan Mirghafourvand

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:146

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Maternal mortality is an important public health problem in low-income countries. Delays in reaching health facilities and insufficient health care professionals call for innovative community-level solutions. ...

    Authors: Esperança Sevene, Helena Boene, Marianne Vidler, Anifa Valá, Salésio Macuacua, Orvalho Augusto, Quinhas Fernandes, Cassimo Bique, Eusébio Macete, Mohsin Sidat, Peter von Dadelszen and Khátia Munguambe

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:145

    Content type: Research

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  39. Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:144

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Reproductive Health 2021 18:5

  40. Providing post-abortion care service is a widely accepted to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality by promoting, preventing and treating maternal and neonatal health, identifying the utilization and its fact...

    Authors: Fentahun Yenealem Beyene, Azimeraw Arega Tesfu, Kihinetu Gelaye Wudineh, Fikadu Waltenigus Sendeku and Asteray Assemie Ayenew

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:143

    Content type: Research

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  41. Episiotomy is a surgical incision of the perineum to hasten the delivery. There is a scarce of information related to episiotomy practice, and its associated factors, in developing countries, including Ethiopi...

    Authors: Enyew Woretaw, Muluken Teshome and Muluneh Alene

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:142

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. The fear of infertility or delayed return to fertility is a common barrier to contraceptive use in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly among young or nulliparous women. Global evidence on return to pregnancy afte...

    Authors: Janine Barden-O’Fallon, Ilene S. Speizer, Lisa M. Calhoun and Nouhou Abdoul Moumouni

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:141

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. Women’s involvement in contraceptive decision-making increases contraceptive use and reduces unmet need, but study of this has been limited to women’s self-reports. Less research is available examining couple ...

    Authors: Anvita Dixit, Nicole E. Johns, Mohan Ghule, Madhusudana Battala, Shahina Begum, Jennifer Yore, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G. Silverman, Elizabeth Reed, Tarik Benmarhnia, Sarah Averbach and Anita Raj

    Citation: Reproductive Health 2021 18:139

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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